应用科学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 152-172.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0255-8297.2020.01.012

• 区块链 • 上一篇    

智能生态网络:知识驱动的未来价值互联网基础设施

雷凯1,2, 黄硕康1, 方俊杰1, 黄济乐1, 谢英英1, 彭波2   

  1. 1. 北京大学 信息工程学院 深圳市内容中心网络与区块链重点实验室, 深圳 518055;
    2. 北京大学 互联网研究院, 深圳 518055
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-31 发布日期:2020-01-19
  • 作者简介:雷凯,副研究员,研究方向为命名数据网络、区块链、联邦学习.E-mail:leik@pkusz.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重大科技基础设施基金(发改高技[2016]2533号);深圳市内容中心网络与区块链重点实验室基金(No.ZDSYS201802051831427)资助

Intelligent Eco Networking (IEN): Knowledge-Driven and Value-Oriented Future Internet Infrastructure

LEI Kai1,2, HUANG Shuokang1, FANG Junjie1, HUANG Jiyue1, XIE Yingying1, PENG Bo2   

  1. 1. Shenzhen Key Lab for Information Centric Networking & Blockchain Technology, School of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, China;
    2. Internet Research Institute, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, China
  • Received:2019-10-31 Published:2020-01-19

摘要: 未来互联网内容知识化、知识价值化、价值网络化、网络生态化、生态智能化的发展趋势已经越来越显著.针对传统IP互联网架构僵化、内容感知能力弱、多构架/多网络融合能力差、控制调度灵活性低、内生安全与信任维护机制缺失、服务质量模式单一、评价指标及方法落后等不足,创新性地提出智能生态网络(intelligent eco networking,IEN).IEN基于虚拟化、可编程设备、软硬结合的技术路线,改进信息中心网络构架构,综合分布式人工智能分析决策与区块链共识计算技术,考量存储、计算与带宽网络资源成本/效益指标,构建层次化、智能化、语义化的新型智联网络构架.IEN向后兼容IP协议,向前演进面向跨域、边缘重点场景的命名(或标识)与IP融合异质计算寻址的多模态网络协议,叠加内容、身份鉴授权与多方可信激励机制,增强网络资源分配模型和优化评价体系.通过内容语义检测与身份可信鉴授权,IEN能坚持安全可控与开放包容并重,旨在形成一个高扩展、动态适应、多目标优化的网络基础设施,砥砺探索新一代产业化、经济化、生态化未来互联网,奠定一个开放与共享、协同互惠的智能生态网络.

关键词: 未来互联网, 命名数据网络, 知识驱动, 区块链, 联邦学习, 异质计算网络

Abstract: As the trend of knowledgelization of content, evaluation of knowledge, networking of value, ecologicalization of network and intellectualization of ecology is becoming increasingly prominent in the future Internet. In this paper, we propose the con-cept of intelligent eco networking (IEN) for the future Internet, countering with the deficiencies of the current IP networks, including rigid architecture, weak content awareness, poor multi-architecture/multi-network integration, low scheduling flexibility, lacking endogenous security and trust maintenance mechanism, single quality of service (QoS) mode and outdated evaluation indicators and methods. IEN adopts software and hardware integrated technology roadmap based on virtualization and configurable devices, improves information-centric networking (ICN) architecture, integrates distributed artificial intelligence (AI) analysis decision and blockchain consensus computing technology, considers network resource cost/profit indicators regarding storage, computing and bandwidth resources, aims at building a hierarchical, intelligent and semantic network architecture. IEN is backward compatible with IP protocol; forward evolves towards naming and IP integrated, heterogeneous computing addressing and multi-modal network protocol for cross-domain, edge-critical scenario, overlays content, identity authentication and multi-party trusted incentive mechanism; optimizes network resources allocation model and evaluation system. Through content semantic detection and identity credibility authentication, IEN insists on both security and openness. IEN aims to form a network infrastructure with high expansion, dynamic adaptation, and multi-objective optimization. It explores a new generation of industrialization, economics, and ecological Internet, and establishes an intelligent network of openness, sharing and synergy.

Key words: future Internet, named data networking (NDN), knowledge-driven, blockchain, federated learning (FL), heterogeneous computing network

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